The inscription is in Greek and reads "To the most beautiful."
The golden apple is synonymous with Eris, the ancient Greek goddess of discord. Hephaestos the god of craftsmen, created the apple for her and with it she caused chaos at the wedding of Peleus the horse-tamer, a mortal, and Thetis, daughter of Nereus, a lesser god of the sea. The uninvited Eris rolled the apple into the party and when the inscription was read it was immediately claimed by three goddesses, Aphrodite, Hera and Athena. Paris, Prince of Troy was brought before the assembled deities and was asked to judge. He chose Aphrodite who promised him Helen, the most beautiful mortal in the world. Unfortunately, she was married to Menelaus, King of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon, King of Argos, and in the ensuing war Troy was destroyed and Achilles, son of Peleus and Thetis, was killed while achieving everlasting fame.